Decentralized Finance - What is DeFi in Cryptocurrency?

Last Updated July 23rd 2021
15 Min Read

Decentralized finance can be defined in terms of transforming the conventional and centralized system of finance to a shared peered to peered system supported by decentralized blockchain technology such as Bitcoin or Ethereum. Also known as DeFi, decentralized finance practically performs functions and lending platforms to crypto coins. Decentralized finance is an incorporated arrangement of conventions and monetary instruments that support cryptocurrency's financial needs in general.

The importance of DeFi can be understood with the fact that the total value locked in DeFi according to DefiPulse is over $25.15 billion. Blockchain technology is the active brain behind decentralized finance. Over time, thousands of new blockchains paved the way for the decentralized industry.

The conventional finance and banking system is based on centralized frameworks under the direct control of centralized managerial grids, centralized financial institutions, intermediaries, and the government. In contrast, the DeFi or decentralized finance infrastructure is knit on blockchains, special programs executed by the decentralized platforms to form a network that can opt-in and opt-out to follow any and all government rules. Sounds rogue? Well, it did to the regulators as well when the industry began.


The very infrastructure of a blockchain allows the users to govern their respective blockchain through the verification protocols. The master control to allow any major changes or even to hack the blockchain requires control of at least 30% of the nodes. Nodes are the basic pillars that support the blockchain. 

DeFi developed financial systems and protocols employing smart private contracts using the blockchain. The financial protocols of DeFi are programmed to run based on developed code that enables it to be available for anyone making peer-to-peer networking possible. DeFi or decentralized finance was formerly known as "open finance."

Benefits of DeFi in Cryptocurrency

Decentralized finance has many advantages that make it better than conventional and centralized financing systems. The main objective use of DeFi in cryptocurrency is no doubt to increase privacy and security in financial systems. 

Using the blockchain principles, DeFi is creating customizations to provide transparency in the system so that the liquidity is increased and the growth opportunities are stabilized. The aim of using DeFi in cryptocurrency is to establish a balanced economic system that is more accessible and support-friendly. Other than these, the key benefits of decentralized finance and DeFi in cryptocurrency can be as follows:

1. Effective Programming

Defi in cryptocurrency will prove more programmability. The execution of financial gadgets is way more automated, employing smart contracts. The programmable codes help in the creation of new digital assets.    

2. Security

Decentralized finance will create a system that is somewhat more immune to fraud and theft. The more private integrations provided by DeFi in the framework of blockchain will provide secure transactions and other financing applications that are more auditable.

3. Convenient Exchange of Information

DeFi in cryptocurrency makes the exchange of information more convenient. The synchronization of interfaces and applications with DeFi enable developers to create more flexibility and interoperability. DeFi is also known as "money legos" for its composable software.  

4. Transparency rates

The high rates of transparency provided by DeFi finances provide a broadcast that shares the transaction activities with other users on the interface. In this manner, DeFi protocols provide built-in codes that are available to everyone. A very keen analysis can be created utilizing transparencies provided by these platforms.

5. Open Access

DeFi finance does not require permissions. Whereas conventional centralized financial systems need permissions, DeFi in cryptocurrency is free of these allegations. Anyone around the world with a crypto wallet and an internet resource can have access to DeFi platforms based on blockchain technology.

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Decentralized Applications - Ethereum Applications

Most of the decentralized applications dubbed the DeFi Apps are actually running on the Ethereum protocol. Ethereum has positioned itself as the second biggest cryptocurrency and decentralized app (DApp) market shareholder. Ethereum stands out differently from Bitcoin because the interference Ethereum provides is easier development of a decentralized form of application other than performing simpler transactions. The most contrasting feature of Ethereum is the integration of smart contracts.

Smart Contracts and DeFi

The smart contract provides an automatically executed transaction for customized needs, thus creating a more flexible platform. Blockchain enables flawless record-keeping and security to create and employ smart contracts with greater privacy than ever experienced in the conventional financial world.


Smart contracts are the basis of a large number of DeFi applications that provide all the anticipated features of the financial needs of decentralized systems. Ethereum being the largest DeFi app market affects the overall market movement. With the upgrade of Ethereum 2.0, the DeFi based applications can be upgraded as well. It is predicted that Ethereum 2.0 will boost DeFi applications by eliminating the scalability issues regarding Ethereum.

Popular DeFi Applications

The key attributes of DeFi in cryptocurrency can be credited to the blockchain technology itself, the brains behind Decentralized Finance or DeFi. DeFi application includes the following polar names.

Decentralized Exchanges or DEXs

Decentralized Exchanges or DEX are the DeFi counterpart of conventional exchanges. DEXs are the online applications specialized for the change of cryptocurrencies to exchange any type of currency. 

Decentralized exchanges are such types of platforms with more premium features. DEXs enables its users to connect directly with each other and trade crypto coins and assets without intermediaries' involvement. The elimination of intermediaries makes the exchanges more private, secure, and trustworthy, eradicating fraud and theft as well.


A stablecoin can be described as a cryptocurrency that is backed by a conventional currency as collateral. Technically not a cryptocurrency; the value is gauged based on the backing fiat currency, for instance, Euro or Dollar. Cryptocurrency volatility led to the inception of stable coins in an attempt to provide stable options in the DeFi world using the pros of both the conventional market and the blockchain protocols.

Lending platforms

Lending platforms are developed in such a manner that with the employment of smart contacts, they can be a replacement for the intermediaries. For instance, banks are no longer needed with the evolution of such lending platforms.

Wrapped Bitcoin or WTBC

A very beneficial application of DeFi can be wrapped bitcoins. Wrapped bitcoins are a method of using Bitcoin in the Ethereum application so that it can be deployed directly in the Defi system of Ethereum. WBTC can provide users with the benefits of earning interest in bitcoins.

Prediction markets

Prediction markets are practical platforms for bidding. They are prediction networks to interpret possible outcomes of evident real-world events as elections and use the information to make informed investing decisions. Integrated DeFi in these prediction markets aims to eliminate the intermediaries while offering the same functions.

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Uses of Decentralized Finance and DeFi in Cryptocurrency:

1. Management of assets

DeFi in cryptocurrency makes you the manager of your cryptocurrencies instead of the state bank of your country. Crypto wallets like MetaMask, Gnosis Safe, and Argent assist you effectively and safely with decentralized applications to do everything from purchasing, selling, and moving crypto to procure interest on your computerized resources. 

In the DeFi space, you own your information: MetaMask, for instance, stores your passwords and private keys in encrypted forms locally on your gadget, so just you approach your records and information.

2. DAOs

DAO stands for decentralized autonomous organization. It is a network that collaborates as indicated by guidelines encoded on the blockchain, wiping out the requirement for a concentrated, regulatory element. A few mainstream conventions in the DeFi space, such as Maker and Compound, have dispatched DAOs to gather pledges, oversee monetary activities, and decentralized administration to the local area.

3. Data analysis

As a result of their phenomenal transparency rates of transaction information and organization action, DeFi offers special focal points for information disclosure, examination, and problem-solving. The development of new DeFi applications has prodded the improvement of various applications and dashboards, for example, DeFi Pulse and Codefi Data, that help clients track the assets in DeFi conventions, calculate risks, and an overview of the yield and liquidity.

4. Development and coding tools

One of the objectives of DeFi protocols includes composability, which means various segments of a framework can undoubtedly associate and interoperate. As seen from the wide assortment of coordinated DeFi applications, composable code has made a ground-breaking network impact in which the local area keeps on expanding upon what others have assembled. Many compare the cycle of DeFi improvement to working with legos — subsequently, the inexorably well known as "money legos." From Truffle's brilliant agreement libraries to Infura's API suite to Diligence's security apparatuses, most of the popular blockchain designers including Ethereum are currently ready to fabricate and dispatch DeFi applications with full-stack tooling and security combinations.

5. Gaming

The composability of DeFi has created chances for developers to construct DeFi protocols integrated with multiple dimensions. Blockchain-based games have become a mainstream use case for decentralized finance because of their functional economies and creative models.

For instance, Pool Together is a no-misfortune inspected investment funds lottery that empowers clients to buy advance tickets by storing the DAI stablecoin, which is then pooled together and loaned to the Compound currency market convention to procure revenues. 

6. Identity 

DeFi finance can diminish the collateralization prerequisites for individuals who don't have additional assets and help evaluate clients' reliability. Anyone with a web connection can approach DeFi applications while keeping up custody and control of their information and resources.

7. Tokenization

Tokenization is one of the foundations of decentralized finance and a benefit of blockchain technology, the brains behind DeFi. Tokens fuel the organization as well as open an assortment of monetary prospects. Essentially talking, a token is a computerized resource that is made, given, and oversaw on a blockchain. Tokens are intended to be secure and immediately adaptable, and they can be customized with a code. Blockchain-based tokens are considered a safe and advanced option for clients across the world to access, exchange, and store cryptocurrency. 

8. Crypto Markets

DeFi applications are supporting a variety of online commercial centres that permit clients to trade items and administrations universally. Everything from independent coding gigs to advanced collectibles and from certifiable gems and attire is sold in these markets.

Read Also: Is Cryptocurrency A Good Investment And Should You Start Investing In

Earning and Investments in DeFi

Utilizing blockchain-based loaning applications, as referenced above, clients can produce "automated revenue" by advancing out their cash and creating revenue from the advances. For example, yield farming has the potential for considerably large-scale returns on investments, however, with higher rates of risk. It considers clients to use the loaning part of DeFi to give their crypto resources something to do, creating the ideal returns.

However, as DeFi has expanded in action and fame through 2020, numerous DeFi applications, for example, YAM coin, have failed spectacularly, sending the market capitalization from $60 million to $0 shortly. Other DeFi projects, including Hotdog and Pizza, confronted a similar destiny, and numerous speculators lost a great deal of cash.

Future of DeFi

While an ever-increasing number of individuals are being attracted to these DeFi applications, it's difficult to state what is the possible future of these networks. The future of DeFi is dependent upon people who find them valuable and why. Many believe different DeFi protocols could attract masses of new clients by making monetary applications more comprehensive and open to the individuals who don't customarily approach such stages. 

This monetary innovation is new, exploratory, and convenient, particularly concerning security or adaptability. Ethereum 2.0 could handle versatility concerns through an idea known as sharding, a method of parting the hidden data set into more modest pieces that are more reasonable for singular clients to work with.

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Key Points

  • The modern method of crypto exchange that enables financial systems to be more convenient is now DeFi or decentralized finance.
  • The importance of DeFi can be understood with the fact that the total value locked in DeFi according to DefiPulse is over $25.15 billion.
  • Blockchain remains the brains behind the DeFi world ranging from cryptocurrencies to DEX.
  • DeFi has features like smart contracts, which provide a more private and customized user experience.
  • The features of decentralized finances include DAOs, DEXs, tokenization, trading, gaming, and management of assets.
  • Some key benefits of DeFi include effective program codes, secure and private transactions. It also provides higher rates of transparency.
  • DeFi has the potential to take over the global financial market one step at a time.